Other wildlife in Olav's Wood: Fungi, Lichens and Mycetozoa
Here are some records of fungi, lichens and mycetozoa ("slime molds") in the woods. Thanks to Lee Johnson (LJ) for most of these records.
|Shaggy Parasols (Chlorophyllum
rhacodes) among Spruce needles
in Olav's Wood (July 2016)
- Ascocoryne sarcoides - Purple jellydisc
- Chlorophyllum rhacodes - Shaggy Parasol
- Cryptomyces maximus - Willow Blister. A globally scarce paleo- and neo-arctic species, with several records for Orkney.
- Dacrymyces stillatus - Common Jellyspot
- Dasyscyphus sulphureus - A yellow cup fungus on nettle stems (LJ, Sept 2017)
- Exidia thuretiana - White Brain fungus
- Exidia recisa - Amber Jelly fungus, found on willow
- *Macrotyphula fistulosa var contorta - Contorted Pipe Club fungus. A new record for Orkney.
- Marasmius sp. (LJ, Sept 2017)
- Podosphaera spiraeae - a mildew
- Taphrina alni - Alder Tongue Fungus (LJ, 21st Aug 2018)
- Formerly rare in UK but becoming common now (from 1990s onwards) [H. Ellis, Cecidology, Vol 16 No. 1].
- Puccinia sp. - a rust
- Tremella encephala - a parasite on another fungus species
- Uromyces dactylidis - Celandine Clustercup Rust (LJ, 5th May 2018)
- Xylaria hypoxylon - Stag's Horn fungus
Lichens are compound organisms consisting of fungi together with algae and/or cynobacteria, living together symbiotically and acting as a single organism. Lichens in Olav's Wood include:
- Graphis scripts - Script Lichen
- Ramalina sp. - A Strap Lichen
Mycetozoa, also called "slime molds", are strange creatures. They have a variety of life-cycles and structures, but all reproduce by spores. In some species, at certain stages of their life-cycle, they can detect food sources and move towards them. Lee Johnson has found several species in Olav's Wood. Photographs below from Lee (click for larger images).
- Leocarpus fragilis
- Mucilago crustacea
- Stemonitis fusca
Stemonitis fusca in Olav's Wood (July 2015)
Leocarpus fragilis in Olav's Wood (July 2015)
Leocarpus fragilis after sporing (July 2015)