List of Trees and Shrubs in Olav's Wood
This is a list of the trees and shrubs which have been planted in Olav's Wood over the years. The list is based on an original provided by Olav Dennison. Other species may be present.
An asterix (*) indicates a species which is possibly an Orkney native. Evidence is from pollen analysis as well as current distributions. However, with the long history of human occupation, native status here is sometimes unclear.
- Acer platanoides - Norway Maple
- Acer pseudoplatanus - Sycamore
- Perhaps the commonest tree in Orkney, but possibly not native to Britain.
- Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse Chestnut
- Alnus glutinosa* - Alder
- Alnus incana - Grey Alder
- Alnus rubra - Red Alder
- Betula pendula - Silver Birch
- Betula pubescens* - Downy Birch
- Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam
- Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut
- Corylus avellana* - Hazel
- Corylus avellana 'Contorta' - Corkscrew Hazel
- Crataegus monogyna - Hawthorn, here with variable leaf shapes.
- Fagus sylvatica - Beech
- Fraxinus excelsior* - Ash
- Griselinia littoralis - 'Kapuka', a New Zealand species.
- Ilex aquifolium* - Holly
- Juglans regia - Walnut
- Malus sp. - Apples, including fruit trees and crab apples
- Nothofagus alpina (= N. procera)
- 'Rauli'. One of the 'Southern Beeches'. From Chile.
- Nothofagus antarctica
- 'Nire'. From southern South America.
- Nothofagus betuloides - 'Guindo'. From southern South America.
- Nothofagus dombeyi - 'Coigue'
- Nothofagus obliqua - 'Pellin' or 'Hualle'
- Populus alba - White Poplar
- Populus sp. - Aspens, both the Eurasian Aspen (Populus tremula*) and the American Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
- Populus sp. - Various Poplars and hybrids, inc Cottonwoods (Populus trichocarpa - Black Cottonwood) and Balsam Poplars.
- Prunus avium- Gean or Wild cherry - possibly British native.
- Prunus spinosa - Blackthorn. British native.
- Quercus sp.* - both British Oak species, Quercus robur and Q. petraea
- Salix - A range of willows have been planted, both UK native and exotic.
- These include S. alaxensis (Alaska Willow), S. alba (White Willow), S. caprea (Goat Willow), S. fragilis (Crack Willow),
S. phylicifolia (Tea-leaved Willow), Weeping Willow (possibly S. x sepulcralis), and a willow widely planted in the woods
(locally called 'Balfour Willow') that appears to be in the S. hookeriana complex of variable species from western N. America (thanks to John Crossley for this identification).
- Sambucus nigra - Elder
- Sorbus aucuparia* - Rowan
- Sorbus intermedia - Swedish Whitebeam
- Tilia x europaea - Common Lime
- Ulmus glabra - Wych Elm
- Abies koreana - Korean Fir. A beautiful tree, bearing cones here.
- Abies procera - Noble Fir. From the Cascade Mountains, USA.
- Araucaria araucana - Monkey Puzzle tree
- Chamaecyparis sp. - 'Cypress'
- Cryptomeria japonica - Japanese Cedar.
- Appears to be the Japanese form, rather than the Chinese form.
- Cupressus macrocarpa - Monterey Cypress.
- Native to Monterey (California) and Guadalupe only.
- Ginkgo biloba
- Native to China - possibly no truly wild populations exist. Struggling here.
- Juniperus sp. - Juniper
- Larix sp. - Larch
- Picea abies - Norway Spruce.
- Picea sitchensis - Sitka Spruce.
- From western North America. The plantation softwood in the UK. Extensively planted here.
- Pinus contorta - Lodgepole Pine.
- From the mountains of western North America. Extensively planted here.
- Pinus nigra - Black Pine
- Pinus sylvestris - Scots Pine
- Taxus baccata - Yew
- Thuja sp. - 'Cypress'
- Tsuga heterophylla - Western Hemlock.
- From western North America, as is:
- Tsuga mertensiana - Mountain Hemlock
- Chaenomeles sp. - Flowering Quince
- Cotoneaster sp. - A range of cotoneasters, including the splendid Cotoneaster bullatus,
- a deciduous cotoneaster from China, with good foliage and berries
- and also autumn colours.
- Crinodendron hookerianum - 'Red Lantern tree'. From Chile.
- Fuchsia magellanica - Fuchsia, in several colour forms
- Olearia macrodonta -
'New Zealand Holly'. Not a holly, but a 'Daisy Bush'.
- Olearia 'Henry Travers' (sometimes known as Olearia semidentata)
- Lanceolate, silvery leaves.
- Olearia traversii -
From Chatham Islands (South Pacific).
- Lomatia sp. -
A relative of the Proteas. Genus is from South America and Australia.
- Lonicera involucrata - Twinberry
- Lonicera nitida - Shrubby Honeysuckle
- Philadelphus sp.
- Prunus laurocerasus - Cherry Laurel
- Ribes sanguineum - Flowering Currant
- Rosa - Various roses, including Japanese Rose (Rosa rugosa), extensive areas - white- and pink-flowered forms.
- Rubus spectabilis - Salmonberry. A woody, pink-flowered bramble, with orange to red fruits, from
- western North America. Invasive - being removed.
- Symphoricarpus albus - Snowberry
- Telopea truncata - Tasmanian Waratah. An experimental planting of a proteaceous species from Australia.
In addition, the following have been planted: Privet (Ligustrum), Bamboo (in Sasa group), Rhododendron, Escallonia, various Hebe,
Broom, various Prunus, Currants (including Blackcurrant and Whitecurrant), Gooseberry, Honey Berry (Lonicera kamtschatika), Goji Berry (Lycium sp.), Hypericum, Weigela, Buddleja, New Zealand Flax (Phormium tenax), shrubby
Potentilla and Dogwood (Cornus sp.).
Elecampane (Inula helenium), a giant herb, splendid with its large, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers, is planted on higher ground.