Olav's Wood: Trees and Shrubs

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List of Trees and Shrubs in Olav's Wood

This is a list of the trees and shrubs which have been planted in Olav's Wood over the years. The list is based on an original provided by Olav Dennison. Other species may be present.


Acer platanoides - Norway Maple
Acer pseudoplatanus - Sycamore
Perhaps the commonest tree in Orkney, but possibly not native to Britain.
Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse Chestnut
Alnus glutinosa - Alder
Alnus incana - Grey Alder
Alnus rubra - Red Alder
Betula pendula - Silver Birch
Betula pubescens - Downy Birch
Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam
Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut
Corylus avellana - Hazel
Corylus avellana 'Contorta' - Corkscrew Hazel
Crataegus monogyna - Hawthorn, here with variable leaf shapes.
Fagus sylvatica - Beech
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Griselinia littoralis - 'Kapuka', a New Zealand species.
Ilex aquifolium - Holly
Juglans regia - Walnut
Malus cvs. - Apples, including fruit trees and crab apples.
Nothofagus alpina (= N. procera)
'Rauli'. One of the 'Southern Beeches'. From Chile.
Nothofagus antarctica
'Nire'. From southern South America.
Nothofagus betuloides - 'Guindo'. From southern South America.
Nothofagus dombeyi - 'Coigue'
Nothofagus obliqua - 'Pellin' or 'Hualle'
Populus alba - White Poplar
Populus sp. - Aspens, both the Eurasian Aspen (Populus tremula) and the American Aspen (Populus tremuloides).
Populus sp. - Various Poplars and hybrids, inc Cottonwoods (Populus trichocarpa - Black Cottonwood) and Balsam Poplars.
Prunus avium - Gean or Wild Cherry - possibly British native.
Prunus spinosa - Blackthorn. British native.
Quercus sp. - both British oak species, Quercus robur and Q. petraea.
Quercus cerris - Turkey Oak
Salix - A range of willows have been planted, both UK native and exotic.
These include S. alba (White Willow), S. caprea (Goat Willow), S. fragilis (Crack Willow), S. phylicifolia (Tea-leaved Willow), Weeping Willow (possibly S. x sepulcralis). A willow widely planted in the woods (locally called 'Balfour Willow') appears to be in the S. hookeriana complex of variable species from western N. America (thanks to John Crossley for this identification). Another exotic willow planted in the woods is known locally as 'Alaska Willow'.
Sambucus nigra - Elder
Sorbus aucuparia - Rowan
Sorbus intermedia - Swedish Whitebeam
Tilia x europaea - Common Lime
Ulmus glabra - Wych Elm
Abies koreana - Korean Fir. A beautiful tree, bearing cones here.
Abies procera - Noble Fir. From the Cascade Mountains, USA.
Araucaria araucana - Monkey Puzzle tree
Chamaecyparis cvs. - 'Cypress'
Cryptomeria japonica - Japanese Cedar.
Appears to be the Japanese form, rather than the Chinese form.
Cupressus macrocarpa - Monterey Cypress.
Native to Monterey (California) and Guadalupe only.
Ginkgo biloba
Native to China - possibly no wild populations exist. Struggling here.
Juniperus sp. - Juniper
Larix sp. - Larch
Picea abies - Norway Spruce.
Picea sitchensis - Sitka Spruce.
From western North America. The main plantation softwood in the UK. Extensively planted here.
Pinus contorta var. latifolia - Lodgepole Pine.
From the hills and mountains of western North America. Extensively planted here, especially in the upper wood. Does well in Orkney conditions.
Pinus nigra - Black Pine
Pinus sylvestris - Scots Pine
Taxus baccata - Yew
Thuja cvs.- 'Cypress'
Tsuga heterophylla - Western Hemlock.
From western North America, as is:
Tsuga mertensiana - Mountain Hemlock


Chaenomeles sp. - Flowering Quince
Cotoneaster sp. - A range of cotoneasters, including the splendid Cotoneaster bullatus,
a deciduous cotoneaster from China, with good foliage and berries
and also autumn colours.
Crinodendron hookerianum - 'Red Lantern tree'. From Chile.
Fuchsia magellanica - Fuchsia, in several colour forms.
Olearia macrodonta - 'New Zealand Holly'. Not a holly, but a 'Daisy Bush'.
Olearia 'Henry Travers' (sometimes known as Olearia semidentata)
Lanceolate, silvery leaves.
Olearia traversii - From Chatham Islands (South Pacific).
Lomatia ferruginea - Fuinque. A relative of the proteas from Argentina and Chile.
Lonicera involucrata - Twinberry
Lonicera nitida - Shrubby Honeysuckle
Philadelphus sp.
Prunus laurocerasus - Cherry Laurel
Ribes sanguineum - Flowering Currant
Rosa - Various roses, including Japanese Rose (Rosa rugosa), extensive areas - white- and pink-flowered forms.
Rubus spectabilis - Salmonberry. A woody, pink-flowered bramble, with orange to red fruits, from
North America. Invasive - being removed.
Symphoricarpus albus - Snowberry
Telopea truncata - Tasmanian Waratah. An experimental planting of a proteaceous species from Australia.

In addition, the following have been planted: Privet (Ligustrum), Bamboo (in Sasa group), Rhododendron, Escallonia, various Hebe, Broom, various Prunus, Currants (including Blackcurrant and Whitecurrant), Gooseberry, Honey Berry (Lonicera kamtschatika), Goji Berry (Lycium sp.), Hypericum, Weigela, Buddleja, New Zealand Flax (Phormium tenax), shrubby Potentilla and Dogwood (Cornus sp.). Elecampane (Inula helenium), a giant herb, splendid with its large, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers, is planted on higher ground.

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